Glossary of Terms
Broad Spectrum CBD Cannabis Cannabis Oil Cannabis Sativa Carrier Oil CBD Isolate Certificate of Analysis (COA) / Lab Certificates Distillate Edible Endocannabinoid system (ECS) Entourage Effect Flavonoid Full Spectrum CBD Heavy Metals Hemp Hemp Seed Oil Marijuana MCT Oil Micro-dosing Organic Pesticides Phytonutrients
Broad Spectrum CBDBroad spectrum CBD blends are 100% THC free. These products will contain other cannabinoids and terpenes. Broad spectrum CBD is intended for anyone seeking maximum benefits without the threat of THC.
CannabisCannabis refers to a group of three varieties of the marijuana type plants, cannabis ruderalis, cannabis and hemp. Cannabis contains more than 120 chemical and biologically active components, known as cannabinoids. This number grows as research develops.
Cannabis OilCannabis oil is different to CBD oil in that it is produced from cannabis plants high in THC rather than hemp plants which are low in THC. Commonly cannabis oil is intended to be high in THC and low in CBD but can also be a balance of the two.
Cannabis SativaThis refers to the species of cannabis that are high in the psychoactive component THC. It can be administered many ways and used medically or recreationally.
Carrier OilCarrier oils are those that are used to dilute essential oils ready for application. These are usually made from vegetable oils such as coconut or avocado. In the case od CBD the most common are coconut oil (MCT oil), hemp seed oil and olive oil. Often carrier oils are odorless with a slightly nutty flavor. This taste can often be detected when you take CBD under the tongue.
CBD IsolateCBD isolate is a form of CBD, or cannabidiol, a chemical compound present in the cannabis plant. Unlike full or broad spectrum CBD products, CBD isolate does not contain any additional cannabinoids or terpenes. CBD isolate is a wonderful choice for those who must avoid THC.
Certificate of Analysis (COA) / Lab CertificatesA certificate of analysis or lab report should be provided as verification that the CBD product contains what it says on the label and is free of dangerous heavy metals and solvents. These reports can contain exact measurements of cannabinoids found in the product, heavy metals testing, and solvent tests. A high-quality lab report should be completed by a third party and include batch numbers so that products can be matched to the results.
DistillateCBD distillate is highly-purified thick, golden amber liquid that is produced when hemp is extracted containing other cannabinoids and terpenes.
EdibleEdible refers to products containing CBD that can be eaten. This includes CBD gummies, chewing gum, mints, and chocolates.
Endocannabinoid system (ECS)A complex system within the human body that affects many important functions, including how a person moves, feels, and reacts. It includes endocannabinoids, endocannabinoid receptors, and endocannabinoid enzymes.
Entourage EffectThe entourage effect is a term used to describe the process whereby a combination of cannabinoids and terpenes work in symphony together to provide maximum results.
FlavonoidThese are a phytonutrient found in fruits and vegetables that give them their vivid colors and flavors. It is believed that these flavonoids are associated with a diet including 5 portions of fruits and vegetables a day is beneficial to health. To date there have been 19 flavonoids identified in the cannabis plant.
Full Spectrum CBDFull spectrum CBD blends consist of CBD plus many of the other cannabinoids and terpenes found in the hemp plant. The combination of CBD plus several additional cannabinoids and terpenes is known to produce and “entourage effect.”
Heavy MetalsA heavy metal is a dense metal that is usually toxic at low concentrations. These include but are not limited to lead, mercury, and arsenic. This is something that is often tested for in CBD extracts and products as the hemp plant is a bio-accumulator and can easily absorb these from the ground and any nutrients used as part of the growing process.
HempAn industrial plant cultivated for its fiber and edible seeds. While hemp is in the same family as the cannabis plant, it does not have psychoactive effects. Commercial items made from hemp fiber include paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastic, and food.
Hemp Seed OilThis is the oil produced by pressing the seeds of the hemp plant. They are low in cannabinoids such as THC and CBD but high in vitamins and fatty acids. This oil is used for salads, cooking and as a carrier oil for CBD products.
MarijuanaMarijuana is another word for cannabis.
MCT OilMedium Chain Triglyceride (MCT) oils are chains of fats. As they are shorter in length, they are easily digested which is why they are used as a carrier for CBD oil. MCT oils are usually extracted from coconut as it contains over 50% medium chain fats. MCT oils can also be produced from dairy and palm oil.
Micro-dosingMicro-dosing CBD is a technique that involves taking minimal amounts of CBD through the day instead of one dose.
OrganicOrganic products are those that are grown using no artificial fertilizers or pesticides and produced with no artificial colors or preservatives. This is important when growing hemp as it is a bioaccumulation and can absorb heavy metals and dangerous chemicals from these products.
PesticidesChemical compounds used to kill pests such as insects and rodents, weeds and fungi which may damage crops. The term pesticides also include herbicides, insecticides, and fungicides. By their very nature they are harmful to animals and potentially humans.
PhytonutrientsAlso known as phytochemicals, phytonutrients are produced by plants to protect them from insect attacks and UV rays. They are believed to contain antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. These phytonutrients are what give plants their bright colors.